Example: standalone_multiple_processes


You can launch an interactive, editable version of this example without installing any local files using the Binder service (although note that at some times this may be slow or fail to open): launchbinder

This example shows how to run several, independent simulations in standalone mode using multiple processes to run the simulations in parallel. Given that this example only involves a single neuron, an alternative – and arguably more elegant – solution would be to run the simulations in a single NeuronGroup, where each neuron receives input with a different rate.

The example is a standalone equivalent of the one presented in /tutorials/3-intro-to-brian-simulations.

Note that Python’s multiprocessing module cannot deal with user-defined functions (including TimedArray) and other complex code structures. If you run into PicklingError or AttributeError exceptions, you might have to use the pathos (https://pypi.org/project/pathos) package instead, which can handle more complex code structures.

import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import brian2 as b2
from time import time

b2.set_device('cpp_standalone', build_on_run=False)

class SimWrapper:
    def __init__(self):
        self.net = b2.Network()
        P = b2.PoissonGroup(num_inputs, rates=input_rate)
        eqs = """
            dv/dt = -v/tau : 1
            tau : second (constant)
        G = b2.NeuronGroup(1, eqs, threshold='v>1', reset='v=0', method='euler', name='neuron')
        S = b2.Synapses(P, G, on_pre='v += weight')
        M = b2.SpikeMonitor(G, name='spike_monitor')
        self.net.add([P, G, S, M])

        self.net.run(1000 * b2.ms)

        self.device = b2.get_device()
        self.device.build(run=False, directory=None)  # compile the code, but don't run it yet

    def do_run(self, tau_i):
        # Workaround to set the device globally in this context
        from brian2.devices import device_module
        device_module.active_device = self.device

        result_dir = f'result_{tau_i}'
        self.device.run(run_args={self.net['neuron'].tau: tau_i},
        return self.net["spike_monitor"].num_spikes/ b2.second

if __name__ == "__main__":
    start_time = time()
    num_inputs = 100
    input_rate = 10 * b2.Hz
    weight = 0.1

    npoints = 15
    tau_range = np.linspace(1, 15, npoints) * b2.ms

    sim = SimWrapper()

    from multiprocessing import Pool
    with Pool(npoints) as pool:
        output_rates = pool.map(sim.do_run, tau_range)

    print(f"Done in {time() - start_time}")

    plt.plot(tau_range/b2.ms, output_rates)
    plt.xlabel(r"$\tau$ (ms)")
    plt.ylabel("Firing rate (sp/s)")